#emmanuel kant Tumblr posts

  • sprachgefuehle
    28.02.2022 - 2 monts ago

    I can’t put into words how much I love how Spanish people just translate any type of name to their Spanish equivalent. I mean, every country does that to some extent but I feel like compared to other countries I have visited, it happens way more often in Spain and nothing will ever beat the feeling of going to a book store and seeing this:

    Carlos???? Y Federico??????

    #that was years ago but I just thought of it because I saw a book by 'Emmanuel Kant' #like #that doesn't even make sense??? #why??? #anyway #I love it #spanish language
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  • alexlacquemanne
    25.12.2021 - 4 monts ago

    "Une lecture amusante est aussi utile à la santé que l'exercice du corps."

    Emmanuel Kant
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  • zarha-rose
    10.09.2021 - 8 monts ago

    Rules of happiness:

    “something to do, someone to love and something to hope for.”

    Emmanuel Kant

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  • geezliberia
    11.06.2021 - 11 monts ago

    France president Emmanuel Macron backs Chelsea star N'Golo Kante for Ballon d'Ór

    France president Emmanuel Macron backs Chelsea star N’Golo Kante for Ballon d’Ór

    France president Emmanuel Macron is among those pushing for N’Golo Kante to win the Ballon d’Or this year. Speaking to French radio RMC on Thursday June 10, from the team’s training facility in Clairefontaine where he paid a visit to the national team, Macron was full of praise for the Chelsea midfielder. “N’Golo Kante is a great player, like Kylian Mbappe and he is an example. He is an example…

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  • pantooute
    07.05.2021 - 1 year ago

    rip Kant you would have fucking loved the UN

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  • unlikelyfalconrhythms
    05.04.2021 - 1 year ago

    Romanticized violation of negative freedoms... Well that’s a mouthful.

    Don’t cause confusion with terms please. Thank you. But if you have to, please at least be consistent with your confusion. I’m not a fan of the cultural criticism term ‘toxic masculinity’ cause it blurrs the meaning of the word, guilt-trips men and ties the word too much to gender. How about we call it *Violation of a person’s negative freedoms (see Kant about ‘negative freedom’ =the person’s right to be away from others’ attention, the person’s freedom away from humoring others) romanticized by media (historically associated with male-centeredness of perspectives of the media)* That MUST be more clear and intelligible. Nice and concise. Short and simple, eh? I dunno. I know ‘toxic masculinity’ means other things too but I may get back to this and come up with even longer definition.

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  • deadpoetsfool
    26.02.2021 - 1 year ago

    Why are all these philosophers also mathematicians?????? Gatekeeping in the philosophy fandom!!😡😡😡

    #dead poets society #philosophy#philosophers#spinoza#leibniz#emmanuel kant#descartes#rene descartes #discourse in the philosophy fandom!!! #dps
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  • ryukisgod
    21.01.2021 - 1 year ago

    First season Chidi be like

    #he’s a very contradictory man #you’d think he’d just accept the point system since that was presented as the perfect way to approach morality #and he does when it comes to Eleanore #constantly pressuring her to turn herself in #pressuring her to go to hell to make his life easier #I hate#chidi anagonye #the good place #meme #Eleanore deserved a better partner #morality#Kant#moral philosophy#heaven#hell#emmanuel kant#philosophy#memes#gif
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  • tubbolive
    19.05.2022 - 5 days ago

    "emmanuel kant"? yeah my cunt sure is manual

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  • biomedgrid
    19.05.2022 - 5 days ago

    Biomed Grid | Time & Space Among Nomadic People

    Introduction

    The respective way of life of Penan (Borneo Island), Tuareg (Western Sahara) and Sorkawa (Niger River) along their itinerant life, makes them having diversified relationships with their surrounding environment, and without knowing it, with the concepts of time and space. It emerges from these relationships that nomadic people keep a specific and indepth knowledge of their surrounding environment; particular relations to time and space lead to particular knowledge of nature.

    The Penan of Borneo Island

    The Penan live in the dense shade of a primary forest in Borneo Island which is located in Malaysia. To avoid damaging and disrupting the order of the nature, they pick up food, wood, roots, near and around their encampment, and according to their needs; they don’t waist anything. For the same reason, once in a while they move their encampment nearby so as not to stay too long at the same place. The Penan do not know the writing, but their rich language allows them to preserve an indepth knowledge of their ecosystem, including an expertise in phenology and an amazing pharmacopoeia. The dictionary of their language, which is being written by the anthropo-linguist Ian McKenzie, will save some of their valuable knowledge [1] .

    The Penan have no sharp seasons, therefore they do not know the year. In penumbra of canopy, separation between diurnal and nocturnal is confused. Given that they live from day to day, they have neither day nor future: McKenzie comes to the conclusion that the Penan are a people without time [1] . It follows from the observation of McKenzie that time is not a category of their thinking. Their nomadism of low amplitude leads us to conclude that they have a restricted spatiality. Therefore, space is not a category of their thinking. Nowadays, the lack of temporality and the lack of spatiality in primary forest population concern about 700 million people, who don’t care about when and where, and for whom time and space are not cultural phenomena. These two observations restrain the assertion about the categories of thinking of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322) and the German philosopher Emmanuel Kant (1724-1804). Anyway and despite their exemplary respect for nature, the Penan are seriously threatened by the redoubtable economic stakes, which results in systematic deforestation.

    The Tuareg of Western Sahara

    The comparison between the destiny of the Tuareg1 and that of the Tree of Tenere is a more poetic than scientific approach, but we also love poetry. The location of the fabled tree was reported on all maps, about 300 km North-East of Agadez in the Desert of Tenere (Northern Niger). The scientific report of the Mission [2] (1959- 1960) reminds that a well was dug near the tree in 1938 by Staff Sergeant Lamote. He noticed that the roots of the thorny acacia reached the level of the water table at –35 m [2] . It makesl’Arbre du Ténéré a tremendous illustration of the succeeded surviving inside a hostile surrounding environment, thanks to an obstinate pursuit after its main source of nutriment, as well as a permanent fight against water stress. The root development is obviously not about space, instead, it’s about nutriments and water.

    A « very bad water » warned the Michelin map published in 1965, but good enough for the Tree, until it was uprooted in 1973 by an irresponsible passer-by (Figure 1). The remains of the Tree are now exhibited in the National Museum of Niamey, like a collectible object. As the Tree was, Tuareg are perfectly adapted to surviving with very few, in such a way that obesity does not exist in the Sahara. Tuareg have an indepth knowledge of the desert, including the sky at night: suffice to say that, unlike the Penan, their spatiality and their temporality are highly developed, to the point of being cultural phenomena, without knowing it. In addition, they blindly rely on their camels to find the water points or to avoid traps, including the dreadfull fetsh-fetsh. Their increasing precariousness is exploited by ideological and political pressures so as to involve them in the conflict against Mali, Niger, Burkina, Nigeria, Tchad. The Tuareg culture is tragically threatened with a definitive sanctuarization, like the Tree of Tenere.

    Figure 1: The Tree of Tenere before being uprooted.

    The Sorkawa of The Niger River

    We ow a major part of knowledge about Sorkawa [3] fishermen to the French ethnologist and film maker Jean Rouch (1917-2004) [3] , andto the anthropologist Professor Eric Komlavi Hahonou (University of Roskilde, Denmark). The nomadic fishermen Sorkawa who have no borders, navigate on the Niger River according to the rhythms of seasons: the high waters occur between November and Fébruary, and the low waters occur between April and July. They travel with family, dogs, goats and hens, on monoxyle pinnaces4 about 20 m long (Figure 2), between Timbuktu in Mali, 1500 km north of their base in the state of Kebbi in North West Nigeria and Onitsha in southern Nigeria, at 1000 km south of the Kebbi. River Nomads, a film by [4, 5], shows that nowadays all pinnaces are powered by an engine and built with assembled boards. Some of them are about 30 m long. They sail in convoy guided by a pilot to avoid shoals and currents. The Sorkawa sale and trade their fish during halts [4] .

    Figure 2: Sorkawa on sail and with poles, going up the Niger River upstream of Niamey (October 1966).

    The seasonal migrations would have begun at the start of the twentieth century. The period from 1950 to 1980 was the most successful, before the decline towards forced sedentarization from the 1980s onwards, due to dams constructions on the river, to the institutionalized racketeering with arbitrary tax duties and unofficial paying checkpoints, and to overfishing since the nofishing periods have been abolished [4]. The spatiality and the temporality, which are partly imposed by the alternances of the river, are hypertrophied: time and space are cultural phenomena, without knowing it. This nomadism over very long distances make that many Sorkawa are polyglot: they speak Hausa, Djerma, Songhaï, Peuhl, some English, and French for a few.

    Conclusion

    A specific way of life leads to specific relations with cultural phenomena of space and time, and ultimately to specific knowledge about nature: the Penan who succeeded in developing an accurate language about nature, including a pharmacopeia; the Tuareg with their deep knowledge of the desert and the sky ; the Sorkawa with their specific knowledge of the Niger River, several languages spoken, and the richness of various social exchanges all along the River. Unfortunately, the Penan, the Tuareg and the Sorkawa, are all on the way to vanish; because of the economic war against the Penan in order to seize and exploit their lands; because of negative influence on Tuareg; because of corruption to the detriment of the Sorkawa, and because of the decline of their traditional culture. These people are hardly threatened with extinction; an extinction which would lead to a gradual destruction of the precious cultural diversity, and an impoverishment of Humanity.

    Read More About this Article: https://biomedgrid.com/fulltext/volume6/time-space-among-nomadic-people.001090.php

    For more about: Journals on Biomedical Science :Biomed Grid | Current Issue

    #biomedgrid #american journal of biomedical science & research #free medical journal #american medical journal
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  • strokesnatural
    14.04.2022 - 1 mont ago

    rip emmanuel kant you would have loved dean winchester

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  • word16
    14.04.2022 - 1 mont ago

    Métaphysique

    "Si nous prenons en main un volume quelconque, de théologie ou de métaphysique scolastique, par exemple, demandons-nous : Contient-il des raisonnements abstraits sur la quantité ou le nombre ? Non. Contient-il des raisonnements expérimentaux sur des questions de fait et d'existence ? Non. Alors, mettez-le au feu, car il ne contient que sophismes et illusions."

    David Hume - 1711-1776 - Enquête sur l'entendement humain, 1748

    Définition de la métaphysique

    Etymologie : du latin scolastique metaphysica, dérivé du grec ancien méta ta phusika, après les choses de la nature, en référence aux ouvrages d'Aristote arrivant après ceux traitant de la physique.

    La métaphysique est la partie de la philosophie qui traite des causes premières et des principes premiers, c'est-à-dire la connaissance par la raison de la nature des choses en tant qu'elles existent indépendamment de l'expérience sensible que nous en avons. C'est une démarche philosophique qui interroge d'abord l'existence des choses, des événements ou des êtres au-delà de leurs apparences matérielles pour essayer de les décrire et d'expliquer en quoi consiste leur existence.

    Synonymes : ontologie, transcendance, philosophie première.

    La métaphysique se décline de différentes manières selon les époques, les philosophes ou les courants de pensée.

    Ainsi, par exemple, la métaphysique est :

    pour Aristote (384-322 av JC), l'étude de l'être ou de l'essence des choses, indépendamment de leurs propriétés particulières. "Qu'est-ce qui fait qu'un être est ce qu'il est ?"

    pour René Descartes (1596-1650), l'étude des êtres immatériels (Dieu, âmes, idées), constituant ainsi une "théologie naturelle".

    pour Emmanuel Kant (1724-1804), la science du réel en lui-même, c'est-à-dire l'ensemble des connaissances générées par la raison seule sans le recours à l'expérience et aux phénomènes sensibles.

    pour les marxistes, une "conception fausse des choses en tant qu'elle considère les choses comme indépendantes les unes des autres et comme statique" (Vocabulaire de la philosophie et des sciences humaines - Louis-Marie Morfaux - Editions Armand Colin, 1980)

    pour les existentialistes, la recherche du sens, des finalités de l'existence, "l'étude des processus individuels qui ont donné naissance à ce monde-ci comme totalité concrète et singulière." (L'Etre et le Néant, 1943 - Jean-Paul Sartre)

    Par extension, le terme métaphysique désigne toute réflexion méthodique visant à une connaissance de la nature profonde des choses.

    Avec un sens péjoratif, la métaphysique est l'abus de réflexions abstraites, de spéculations intellectuelles oiseuses qui obscurcissent la pensée au lieu de résoudre des problèmes et qui n'ont aucun impact sur le réel.

    L'adjectif métaphysique qualifie ce qui est relatif ou qui appartient à la métaphysique.

    Synonymes : transcendant, abstrait, théologique, surnaturel.

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  • drmagoto
    12.04.2022 - 1 mont ago

    Lost Love Spells That Work Immediately-Black Magic Spell In 24 Hours

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    Lost Love Spells That Work Immediately-Black Magic Spell In 24 Hours

    Lost Love Spells That Work Immediately

    Lost Love Spells That Work Immediately-Black Magic Spell The story of life can only be summarized in one word – LOVE. This is something that has created everything that we see today. The beautiful flowers, animals, and hills were all created by love. This makes it true to acknowledge that love is the ultimate life force in this world. For you to get it in the best way, you only have to embrace POWERFUL LOST LOVE SPELLS THAT WORK IMMEDIATELY.

    Lost Love Spells

    Lost Love spells that Work Immediately, are used or performed if you have lost your love and all the efforts that you have tried have him or her back failed and there is no way that you can get your love back. Lost love spell will bring your love back to you unconditionally. Also if your love is with someone else the power of this spell will break his or her relation and will be back to you permanent.

    For men, you shall attract all the beautiful women that you desire and loneliness will become history. We have all the recipes for making love life so beautiful. There is no better place to find these recipes in the whole universe. Even if you go to Antarctica, you shall never find even a smattering of them. The so many beautiful girls can all be yours. Love was created to be shared and not be conserved. POWERFUL LOST LOVE SPELLS THAT WORK IMMEDIATELY has solved everything for you. You only need to embrace it. Lost Love Spells That Work Immediately-Black Magic Spell

    The fact is that without love, you can miss a lot in your life. It is even very unhealthy to live without love as you can suffer from mental depression which is a very dangerous psychological problem. The greatest philosopher who has ever lived called Emmanuel Kant acknowledged that love is the only thing that is worth craved for by human BEINGS.DR MAGOTO +27721773283

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  • gentecosmopolita
    09.04.2022 - 1 mont ago

    Así es la microbiota de una persona con depresión

    Así es la microbiota de una persona con depresión

    Un artículo escrito por Juan C. Leza, Catedrático del Dpto. Farmacología y Toxicología de la Facultad de Medicina. CIBERSAM, de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, y Javier R. Caso, Profesor Contratado Doctor en el mismo departamento. Se atribuye a Emmanuel Kant la frase “la mano es el cerebro externo”. Es cierto que el control de estos extremos ocupa un enorme porcentaje de la función…

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  • helkss
    08.04.2022 - 1 mont ago

    Filosofia (autores)

    Existencialismo - Sartree

    Karl marx

    Jonh locke

    Emile Durkheim

    Immanuel kant

    Rene descartes

    Maquiavel

    Thomas Hobbes

    Hegel

    Jean jacques.rousseou

    nietzsche

    Emmanuel Levinas - fenomenologia

    Karl Popper - racionalismo critico

    Simone de bauvier

    Claude Lévi-Strauss

    Filosofia (assuntos de forma geral)

    Filosofia moderna

    Filosofia pós moderna

    Filosofia grega

    Cultura de massas

    Iluminismo

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  • doukhane
    03.04.2022 - 1 mont ago

    ميراث المعنى:

    د. عبد السلام دخان

    العلاقة بين الإنسان والقراءة ملتبسة، ولا يتطلب النظر إلى هذه العلاقة إنجاز حفر جينالوجي في تاريخها الطويل، لأن النظر - هنا- لا ينصرف إلى تاريخ القراءة وأشكالها، بل إلى العلاقة المخصوصة بين القارئ الحصيف والكتاب البليغ، وإلى فعل القراءة المرتبط بأسئلة واضحة ومربكة مثل: هل يمكننا القراءة بدون تفسير، وأي كتاب نبدأ به فعل القراءة؟ وأي كتاب ينبغي أن يقرأ الآن؟ وهل تؤدي القراءة إلى خلق حوار بين الإنسان وتاريخه وقيمه ومتخيله؟ وهل تحتاج القراءة إلى اعتراف بأهميتها؟ وهل ينبغي تجنب الكتب الغامضة؟

    ربما تقودنا هذه الأسئلة إلى خلاصة مفادها أن عديد الكتب تستحق القراءة، وتستحق اهتمام القراء، والادعاء بنهاية القراءة محكوم بالفشل. العلاقة بين القارئ والكتاب معقدة ولايمكن تجاهلها أو حجبها، ولا توجد - في تقديري - مقاربات متقنة وواضحة بشكل كافٍ تمكننا من تجنب سوء فهم العلاقة بين القارئ والكتاب. لذلك يبدو من المستحيل تناول فعل القراءة بمعزل عن الذات المؤولة، لأنها ليست مجرد مهارة تقنية تؤدي إلى إنتاج المعنى، فهي حتما تحتاج إلى رؤى أكثر جذرية لأنها شبيهة بدعوة مارتن هيدغر (Martin Heidegger) في كتابه " Kant et le problème de la métaphysique" إلى تحمل الآلام من أجل لحظات استرخاء مليئة بسحر العقل.

    وإذا كان الوصول إلى الكتاب (الورقي، والرقمي) ليس صعبا، فإن فعل القراءة بالغ الصعوبة لأنه يرتبط بالقدرة على إقامة علاقات بين علامات النص (الكلمات، الأصوات، العلامات النحوية)، وبين محتوى النص المكتوب، بغية تشييد فهم بمعنى النص وفق سياقاته المخصوصة، ذلك أن قراءة كتاب "البصائر والذخائر" للتوحيدي، لا تشبه ما كتب من تآليف القرن الرابع الهجري من كتب السنن والمعاجم، والمستدركات، ونفس الأمر يمكن رصده في كتب من قبيل "أن تقرأ لوليتا في طهران" للكاتبة الإيرانية آذار نفيسي، أو "شرارات كالنجوم" للروائية الأفغانية نادية هاشمي. القراءة حاملة ميراث الأسلاف على نحو شبيه بميراث "عاشور الناجي" في " ملحمة الحرافيش" لنجيب محفوظ، بيد أن تأثير القراءة لا يرتبط فحسب بخصائص النص(السياق، الاتساق، الانسجام، التناص )، وممكناته الدلالية، ولا ينحصر في تصورات مثل تاريخية النص، علم اجتماع النص، سيميائية النص، مقصدية النص، بل بكيان النص بوصفه نسيجا بالغ الدقة، ولغزا لا يمكن تفكيك" شفراته" بخلاصات جاهزة، أو أحكام قَبْليَة، فالسبيل الوحيد لتحقيق هذه المزية يرتبط بفعل القراءة في أبعادها المختلفة، وعلى نحو خاص بعدها الطوباوي.

    القراءة تمنحنا وعيا نقديا نتجاوز به العماء المحيط بنا، و مضادا حيويا يحمينا من "تفاهة" الخطابات السطحية، و ليست القراءة تحفيزاً للدماغ والذاكرة، وفاعلية للأدوار النفسية فقط، لأنها تحررنا من أوهام مجحفة في حق الذات والأثر، وتعيد تشكيل إرادة القارئ وتفكيره، وتخرج المعنى من عباءة الجاهز إلى دوائر التفكير فيما يشبه البعد الشخصي في سموه لدى إيمانويل ليفيناس Emmanuel Levinas. القراءة تخلصنا من وهم الذات التراجيدية، والتماثل القاتل، لصالح الاختلاف الخلاق، إنها احتفاء بروح المعنى، وتوجه جمالي نحو عوالم متخيلة فسيحة لا تحجبها متاريس الأجلاف.

    لا تصبو هذه الرؤية فك الالتباس بين الإنسان وفعل القراءة؛ بقدر سعيها النظر إلى طبيعة العلاقة الملتبسة بين القارئ والكتاب عبر أسئلة حارقة من قبيل ماهي آليات القراءة؟ وهل تستطيع هذه القراءة أن تصل إلى ماهية النص؟

    وبمعزل عن قضايا ترتبط بعلم النفس المعرفي، وبأنواع القراءة، و مكانة القارئ في علاقته بالنص، وممكنات التأويل وإنتاج المعنى، فإن فعل القراءة في مجمله، هو السبيل إلى تجنب سوء الفهم.

    القراءة تمنحنا الرؤية بدل السراب، الثقة بدل الارتياب، اليقين بدل الشك، المعنى بدل العدم. القراءة أداة لبناء العالم وفهم وتفسيره، وأداة لتشييد المعرفة، وتحقيق مزية تبادل الخبرات والتجارب. مسارات القراءة وتمثيلاتها متعددة، وربما لهذا السبب تشبه القراءة قوس قزح. وأهميتها - في تقديري- ترتبط بطبيعة تجربتها، ونوعها، والإبستيمي الذي تنتمي إليه، الكتابة في شمولية أنساقها تمنحنا الحلم، وتبني جسرا صلبا للعبور نحو الأمل. القراءة ميراث المعنى، معنى الكينونة، وتحققاتها الأنطلوجية. القراءة تمنحنا طواعية طاقتها الاستثنائية وتمكننا من السفر من دون تغيير المكان، أو ضياع الزمان، وتمنحنا في الآن نفسه القدرة على الحركة بحرية في كل الاتجاهات.

    طوبى لعشاق القراءة.

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  • dermontag
    24.03.2022 - 2 monts ago

    Die Vereinbarungen der NATO-Russland-Grundakte sind Geschichte. Die NATO verstärkt langfristig die Ostflanke, schickt Truppen in ehemalige Warschauer-Pakt-Staaten. Es ist keine Provokation, sondern eine Reaktion auf den russischen Krieg. Die NATO schafft Fakten. Nicht nur Geschlossenheit demonstrieren die 30 Mitgliedstaaten des Nordatlantikpakts auf ihrem Gipfel in Brüssel. Sie reorganisieren auch die Aufstellung an der östlichen Grenze. Es geht nicht mehr um ein paar Hundert Soldaten der Enhanced Forward Presence in Baltikum oder Polen, die mehr Feigenblatt denn Abschreckung sind. Es geht um eine "langfristige Neuaufstellung", wie es NATO-Generalsekretär Jens Stoltenberg sagt. Der russische Angriffskrieg auf die Ukraine hat im Bündnis zu einem Umdenken geführt. Die Sorgen der osteuropäischen Partner, lange zur Kenntnis, aber kaum ernst genommen, rücken in den Vordergrund. Was vor wenigen Monaten noch undenkbar war, geschieht: Die NATO will vier neue Gefechtseinheiten nach Bulgarien, Rumänien, Ungarn und in die Slowakei entsenden. Sie zeigt damit Präsenz von der Ostsee bis zum Schwarzen Meer. Es ist nicht weniger als eine Zeitenwende für das Bündnis. Die NATO-Russland-Grundakte von 1997 ist damit endgültig gescheitert. Sie sollte acht Jahre nach dem Fall der Berliner Mauer die Beziehungen zwischen dem Nordatlantikpakt und Russland auf eine neue Grundlage stellen, gleichzeitig aber russische Bedenken gegen eine Osterweiterung des Bündnisses beruhigen. Doch ein wirkliches Vertrauensverhältnis ist nie entstanden - was nicht einer Seite einseitig angelastet werden kann, auch die NATO ist kein Knabenchor. "Elektroschock" für "hirntote" NATO Dass die NATO die Grundakte nun hinter sich lässt, hat dagegen einen klaren Grund: den russischen Überfall auf die Ukraine. Es ist eine Ironie der Geschichte, dass ausgerechnet Russlands Präsident Wladimir Putin diese Zeitenwende ausgelöst hat. Er, der seit Jahren gegen eine vermeintliche Bedrohung Russlands durch die NATO wettert, sorgt mit seinem Befehl zum Angriff auf die Ukraine dafür, dass das Verteidigungsbündnis stark wie lange nicht ist. Dazu gehört nicht nur die massive Stärkung der Ostflanke - auch in Russland-freundlichen Ländern wie Bulgarien und Ungarn -, sondern auch die militärische Unterstützung für die Ukraine, für Georgien und Bosnien-Herzegowina. Mit der Aufforderung an China, den Krieg nicht zu unterstützen, weitet die NATO sogar den Blick über Europa hinaus. Während Putin seinen Angriffskrieg mit historischem Geschwurbel und völkischem Denken zu begründen sucht, während er unverhohlen mit dem Einsatz von Atomwaffen droht, zeigt die NATO klare Kante: Man werde "das Abschreckungs- und Verteidigungsdispositiv erheblich stärken und das gesamte Spektrum an einsatzbereiten Streitkräften und Fähigkeiten weiterentwickeln", heißt es in der Erklärung der Bündnisstaaten. Mehr zum Thema Zwar will sich das Nordatlantikbündnis keinesfalls in diesen Krieg hineinziehen lassen. Doch es warnt auch unmissverständlich vor einer weiteren Eskalation: Der Einsatz chemischer oder biologischer Waffen durch Russland hätte "schwerwiegende Konsequenzen", sagte Stoltenberg, der wegen des Krieges ein Jahr länger im Amt bleibt. Noch 2019 erklärte Frankreichs Präsident Emmanuel Macron die NATO für "hirntot". Kürzlich nannte er den Krieg in der Ukraine einen "Elektroschock", der das Bündnis aufgeweckt habe. Es präsentiert sich geeint und entschlossen. Das ist Putins Verdienst.

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